If you have a 4wd and haven’t yet done any Beach Driving, then you should really give it a go. It’s not difficult to learn, and provides a lot of fun for the whole family. It also opens up your options for fishing, snorkelling, camping and taking holidays. There are a number of things that you need to know before venturing onto a beach however, which I will try to cover below. I have had to pull a number of people out of situations on the beach, mainly because of a lack of experience and knowledge. If you are not doing things the way they should be then you damage tracks, vehicles and even people. Roll over’s happen on the beach all too often, usually because of too much speed or inexperienced driving. Accidents happen even to those who have done a lot of beach driving, so you can’t ever get lazy.
Prepare your 4wd for Beach Driving
The only problem with driving a car on the beach is the amount of salt which gets everywhere. This is especially the case if you choose to drive through salt water! You can buy electronic rust protection devices which apparently work very well, or Lanolin is a great alternative. You can buy this (basically just sheep oil) from Bunning’s, and Repco and spray it on the underneath of your car before you drive on the beach. Give it at least a day to drive, as it is sticky as. When you come back, be sure to hose everything off again. 4wd Vehicles that are not well cared for after being driven on the beach will rust quickly and cost a lot of money to fix.
What do I need for Beach Driving?
Even before arriving at a beach, there are a few items that you should have access to, either in your own car or another car that is following. One of the most important pieces of equipment is a long handled shovel. If you ever get stuck, these are vital in removing sand from the wheels and from under the car. Of course, you can use a small shovel or even your hands, but it’s much less effective. Everything that you need for Beach Driving can be purchased online for a discount. Have a look below for some examples.
Maps and some basic knowledge of the tides! Knowing where you are driving is important, as there can be difficult sections that you may not know about. Knowing what the tide is doing is something that many people forget. The number of people who lose their cars each year because the tide comes up is simply incredible. Before you put yourself that close to the water be sure that the tide is dropping. It’s easy to get to a narrow bit on the beach and be forced to get your car wet, or even worse, getting stuck. The sand near the water can be soft and sludgy, which is a good reason to avoid it.
Tire Deflators are not something that you need to have, but it makes life a lot easier. Before I purchased one I used to just use a key or stick to let air out of the tyres, but this is slow and tedious. You can either buy a set of staun tyre deflators which you simply screw onto the valve and watch the pressures drop to whatever you have them set at. They are not cheap, and don’t always last. The ARB Ezy deflator is about $70 but works brilliantly. You can get these off eBay for a good price. They screw onto the valve, and undo the core of the valve, allowing air to rush out much faster. They also have a gauge incorporated, which makes it easy to let your tyres down quickly to the exact pressure. I decided to get a ferret tyre deflator, which is similar to the ARB one, but only $25. The only problem is that they don’t have a gauge, but you just time it (1 second lets out around 1PSI, depending on your tyres).
I would suggest that a compressor is a good idea. Of course, you can get away without one, but it depends on where you are going. If you are more than a few kilometres away from a petrol station, especially on main roads then having your own compressor is well worth it. Running your tyres on the bitumen when they are deflated is not a good idea, especially at high speed and for long distances. I purchased a bushranger compressor for $99 dollars (which won the budget Car Air Compressor of the year award!) and it has never let me down. Sure, they are not the most powerful things in the world, but it does what I need it to. You can mount compressors under the bonnet, under your seats or in a Ute, depending on what you want.
A tyre gauge! Having tyres that are let down to different pressures can make beach driving difficult and dangerous. You can buy a cheap one for under $20, just to be safe. These are important, so that you can set your tyres at the right pressure every time. Of course, the ARB deflator already has one mounted to it, and many compressors will too.
A snatch strap. These are basically rated straps that are able to stretch a bit. A car can pull another car out very easily with one of these, but you need one that is rated according to how heavy the car is that you are pulling out. A 4.5 tonne strap should only be used for small vehicles. The heavier the car, the stronger the snatch strap needs to be. A heavier car should be using at least 6 or 8 tonne snatch strap. These need to be attached to rated recovery points, and some shovelling should happen first!
Boards, Maxtrax, metal tracks or industrial shade cloth. Out of any of those choices the Maxtrax are by far the best. The idea behind them is to place them in front or behind of the stuck vehicle, and to drive onto them. They lift the car back on top of the sand and allow for it to drive off again.
Other obvious bits and pieces for beach driving include plenty of food and water, first aid kits, fishing gear (and anything else that you need), mobile phones, a UHF Radio and other emergency equipment. Letting someone know where you are going is important, so you can be found if something goes wrong.
What beaches can I drive on?
Generally the more used a beach is by swimmers the less likely you are able to drive on it. If it has obvious access, and no signage to say otherwise then there is a good chance driving is allowed. Of course, checking with the local authorities is always a good idea!
Before you hit the beach you need to engage 4x4. This can be done in older cars by turning the front hubs around into the locked position. Some newer cars can do this from inside the cab by pressing a button, but make sure all four wheels are driving or it will be very difficult to drive through any sand!
Lower your tyre pressure on the beach
This is probably the number one reason why people struggle with beach driving. The idea behind driving a car on the beach is to try and stay ‘on top’ of the sand, rather than digging down. The best way to do this is to let air out of your tyres. This increases the surface area that is touching the sand, and hence you sit ‘on top’ of the sand more. Some beaches are rock hard and may not need tyre deflation, whilst other beaches can get you fined if you DON’T drop your tyres down. For most sand, letting your tyres down to 15 – 20 PSI is a smart move. If you get into trouble you can let them down even further, but make sure you pump them up again. How much air you let out depends on the weight of your car and how soft the sand is.
Remember, the lower that you drop your tyres the easier they are to roll off the rim. This can happen if you corner too fast, and the tyre just moves to the side and pops off the rim. Fast cornering on sand is bound to get you in trouble anyway, so avoid it at all costs! Letting your tyres down will reduce the stress on your car and make it easier to drive. Don’t be lazy and drive without your tyres deflated, as you are likely to damage your car, wreck the tracks and end up bogged.
Is my car suitable for beach driving?
Many modern 4x4 lack clearance and low range. Clearance can be a major issue if the sand is boggy, as the car will want to sit on the chassis at any chance possible, and will often belly out along tracks with deeper ruts. An all wheel drive car can drive on a beach, but it won’t go as well as a true four wheel drive car, and may struggle in soft sand. It’s up to what you are comfortable with, but don’t push your vehicle beyond what it is capable of.
Low or High Range for Beach Driving?
Most four wheel drives have the option of high range or low range. Low range is used for maximum traction, and is very helpful when you get stuck. If your car can comfortably drive along a beach in high range, then use that. If it lacks the power then you can drive in low range, but you can’t go as fast!
My car get’s hot on the beach
Beach work is usually what will make a car get hot, if it is ever going to. Sand makes it harder to drive, and your engine will get worked harder than normal. If you find it is getting hot, dropping your pressures more (if safe to do so) can work miracles. To cool the car down, turn the heater on full and open the windows. Of course, if it is getting too hot, stop and let it cool down before you proceed. Being stranded on the beach with a dead car is not something that you want to experience! Simply watching the temperature gauge is a good idea. If you do a lot of beach driving, then fitting an aftermarket temperature gauge is well worth it.
Where do I drive on the beach?
On beaches that get driven on regularly, there will be a few prominent tracks. Usually there is one furthest away from the water line, and one closer to the water. Driving in the middle of the two can be soft, and hard work for your car. In general, pick the best track and stick to it. This depends on how soft each track is and the angles that the tracks are at. Quite often the tracks further up a beach have slight angles, and you want to watch how fast you are travelling. Quite often the tracks closer to the water are harder, but be sure to keep well away from the water.
It’s likely that at some stage you will come across people stopped on the beach fishing, surfing, diving or camping. You need to slow down and drive around them accordingly. You should never stop on the beach if you are blocking the main track off, as you will find people will not take to it so kindly!
Turning around on the beach
If you ever need to turn around on the beach, make sure you have a good look before you do so. If you only need to go back a little bit and the sand is soft you are most often best reversing. The reason for this is that driving off the tracks in soft sand will likely end up with your vehicle struggling, and it has a lot more chance of getting stuck. If you do want to turn around, you are best off going down the slope of the beach. Don't drive too close to the water, but at the same time don't turn your wheels too far or you will have a hard time pushing forwards. A lot of people will attempt to turn up the slope and get stuck. It is hard enough for most cars to drive on a flat, soft beach let alone trying to drive up a slope at the same time.
Likewise, if you are close to the water and you want to get back up 'the top' where the track is, build up your momentum first, and then slowly cut across the beach. If you try to drive straight up the slope you can guarantee that you will struggle considerably.
How fast do I need to drive on the beach?
The basic rule for this is to drive for the conditions. The more momentum that you have the easier you will find it to drive, but at the same time the easier it is for something to go wrong. If there are washouts, multiple vehicles, people camping or people bogged, slow down! Sand can make it difficult to judge depth, and as a result it is easy to go down a dip or over a little lip without seeing it. Some beaches are very wide and safe to drive quickly along, but for most beaches you should not be exceeding 60km/h. In soft sand, anything in between 20km/h and 40km/h is safe.
If you are driving behind a vehicle, allow plenty of space as you have to stop quickly at times. When travelling in a convoy it’s helpful to mention on the radio any upcoming hazards, so people can react accordingly. Above all, just drive safely. Even if this means spending a few more minutes to get to your destination, it’s worth it. The alternative when something goes wrong can be costly to lives and vehicles.
What happens if I get stuck on the beach?
If you haven’t been stuck on a beach before, chances are you will at some stage. The most important thing to remember is just to take it slowly. The only exception is if you are stuck near the water with an incoming tide; then you need to move a bit quicker. Of course, still do things safely. The main thing to remember if you start to sink is to reduce all possible wheel spin. All this does is dig you down deeper, and make it even more difficult for recovery! Generally I will stop as soon as the vehicle starts to sink down. In most cases reversing back a few metres will be enough to give you another chance. Make sure that you don't spin the wheels though - the most common mistake that is regularly seen by new four wheel drivers is to put their foot down on the accelerator when they start to sink. This just makes you sink even faster, and makes your recovery much harder too.
Recovering a vehicle from the beach
If you get stuck, get out of the car and consider your options. Dig out any excess sand, lower your tyre pressures and try to drive out. Having people pushing can be very helpful. The use of maxtrax, wooden or metal boards or another vehicle to tow you out can also work. Something which is too common these days is the over use of a snatch strap, or the incorrect use. Before using one, you need to remove a bit of sand. This helps reduce stress on both cars significantly. Using rated recovery points is so simple, yet many people don’t do it. Towing off the tow ball with a snatch strap is deadly, and should never be done.
If you are really stuck, then you can let your tyres down a lot. Even if this means letting them down to 6PSI and crawling out, it may be required. Just pump the tyres back up and try not to get stuck again! 4wd recovery services usually start at around $150 dollars, and should be used only as a last reserve. As long as you take it slowly and think about it all properly you will have no issues recovering a vehicle that is stuck in sand.
Caring for your 4wd after beach driving
This is something that people tend to forget about. It’s all well and good to have a blast on the beach, but if you don’t care for your car afterwards your hip pocket will pay for it. Salt causes rust to occur very quickly, and a simple wash of the car will stop this considerably. Make sure that you wash the underneath of the car as well as any little nooks and crannies that may hold sand. Spraying the underneath of your car with lanolin after a wash is a good idea, so that you are ready to go beach driving again next time.
Modifications to help with Beach Driving
There are a few modifications that you can do to help your car perform on the beach, but many standard cars will go just fine if you air down and drive carefully. A small lift helps to reduce any bottoming out, wider and taller tyres help to provide a bigger footprint and engine mods never go astray. The more power you have the easier it is to drive on a beach! Other than that, you can throw on a few additions which are helpful including a rear drawer set up, roof racks, spotlights and rod holders.
Towing and Beach Driving
Many people like to tow a trailer, whether it is for camping, a boat or just some extra space for supplies. The same surface area rule applies in regards to airing down the trailer tyres. If you don’t, they will sink and make it hard for the vehicle to pull. I have seen boats up to 2 tonne towed along a beach; as long as your vehicle is powerful enough, you let the tyres down and you are confident you shouldn’t have any problems. Of course, some beaches are not suitable for trailers as the sand is simply too soft; so ask around. In saying that, a Camper Trailer is well worth taking on the beach with you.
Beach driving is great fun, and you are able to enjoy so many other sports once you get into it. All it really comes down to is a bit of common sense and some knowledge of how to un bog yourself and how to use recovery equipment safely. If we look after our beaches then they will stay open for years to come; drive safe, take away your rubbish and most of all have a blast!