What is a diff breather?
A diff breather is a piece of hose that runs from your differential to a higher point on the vehicle (usually the engine bay). The hose is connected to the diff via a push fitting and should have a filter on the other end. They are one of the first modifications you should do to a 4WD that is used off road.
Why are they important?
Diff breathers are extremely important insurance for your four wheel drive if you drive through water. In essence, when you go through a puddle that is near or above diff height, you are dunking a hot differential into cold water. When you dunk something hot into cold water, it shrinks, and in the case of a diff, tries to suck air in. If you don’t have differential breathers, the line of least resistance is usually through your oil seals. This is problem when your diffs are underwater, as the water passes through the seals and mixes in with your oil inside the differential.
Diff breathers also allow for hot air to exit through the hose. By fitting diff breathers, when your diff gets dunked in water it will contract, and suck air in through the breather (as a pose to water through the seals!). Differentials are designed to run oil to keep the bearings and gears lubricated. When you add water into the mix you will damage both the gears and bearings, and it leads to expensive repairs. Trust me (I’ve had this issue with my Hilux as I never fitted breathers before taking it through puddles!)
Do I need diff breathers?
Diff Breathers are cheap insurance. To buy a kit and fit it might cost you $40 – $80 (plus labour if you can’t fit it yourself). To replace or rebuild a differential you would be looking at $600 – $2000. In my opinion, even if you are only going through water every now and again it is well worth it. Water in the differential will eventually make them whine and they will wear out much quicker.
My vehicle has diff breathers already
Most vehicles that come from the factory will have some sort of valve or diff breather already fitted, but most don’t go up to a point that is high enough. Look at them, and see if any air can actually flow through them and change as required. Ideally you want the filters to sit above the highest water crossing you will do (anything above bonnet height is risky anyway!).
Fitting diff breathers
Fitting diff breathers is a piece of cake. Even those with minimal mechanical skill shouldn’t have an issue. To do it, you simply remove the breather that is in the diff (usually on the top of the pumkin) with a spanner. Put thread tape on the new fitting (most already come with it on), and screw it in. Run the hose from the fitting to the engine bay (carefully avoiding any hot components) and cable tie it along the way. Once in the engine bay, you simply mount a small bracket, attach the fittings and a filter and you are done! Make sure that you leave enough hose to allow the vehicle to flex properly. If you don’t, you will pull the hoses out the moment your differential moves with the suspension!
Diff Breather Kits
I looked at buying the individual components to make a kit up, and then decided it wasn’t worth it. To buy the parts yourself you will hardly save more than a few dollars, and you have to drive around to pick everything up. My suggestion is to jump on eBay (see below) and grab a kit. As long as you know what size fitting your differential takes it’s a piece of cake. You can get two breathers (for both diffs) with the fittings, hose and filters for about $45 – $80. If you want 4 breathers (for the diffs, gearbox and transfer case) you will be paying around $80 – $110. Order it, wait a few days and it will arrive on your door step!
Making your own kits up
Most quality hose shops will have everything you need, so if you do want to purchase the parts individually just head to your local pneumatics shop. Make sure you get oil resistant hose, thread tape (as required), filters and a bracket (aluminium angle works brilliantly).
Gearbox and Transfer case breathers
While doing the differentials, it’s worth looking at your gearbox and transfer case. These will both have breathers as well, and you can run hose right up into the engine bay too. Some of these aren’t as easy to do though (like My Hilux) so you might want to look into it before purchasing the extra hose and fittings.
Let your vehicle cool down before going through water!
One of the most important steps to take before crossing water is to let your vehicle cool down for 10 minutes. Whilst this might not always be practical, it is much better than dunking hot components straight into water!
I wish I had fitted diff breathers to my Hilux earlier, and recommend them to everyone who might go through water. They can save you a lot of money in the long run!